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Agricultural Landscape of Southern Öland

Alvaret
Photographer: Oskar Ponnert
Description

World Heritage Region Southern Öland comprises over 56,000 hectares and includes arable land, pastures, villages, ancient castles and water areas.Here, man has used the land for several thousand years and created a unique cultural and natural landscape that bears on many songs from different eras, side by side with a vibrant agricultural region.

Oland is the surface of the Baltic Sea’s fourth largest island of which the World Heritage area is just over a third. The first Öland Inhabitant began farming the land since the Stone Age, around 3000-1800 BC., And is largely in land use remain the same. Now as then, farming and animal husbandry.

In the Middle Ages, around 1100-1400 AD, was the ground on Öland in both bytomter and inägojord which consisted of meadows and fields, and outlying land used for grazing. So-called radbyar built in “repair mode”, which at that time was common throughout eastern Sweden. The principle of a radby was to plot the width of the current through the village street was equal to the number of shares that each farm had been in the village. Farm type is mostly Gothic with a feature enclosed garden divided into farmhouse and fägård.

In connection with radbyn was a large meadow, which was owned jointly, provided the pets with winter fodder. To fend off grazing domestic livestock and wild animals, farmed was diaphragm in with stone walls. So did the villages until the 1800s the first half when one shift and cook shift took place.The aim was to allocate all the land in the village’s houses so that everyone would have access to the various land types that existed, ie field meadow, limestone and beacons. It was at this time that many of the typical Öland walls were built.

Awards have been used for grazing since the Neolithic period. They served as the village common land and consists of alvaren and beacons are. Alvaren is one of the more characteristic features of the suburbs, and consists of flat rock outcrops of hard limestone bedrock. Alvar dominates with its peculiar blend of very specific climatic conditions and soils marked by thousands of years of grazing. For grazing and hay were also used buoy are adjacent to the cultivated land. There is still intact traces of Iron Age settlements in the form of stone walls, house foundations and tombs.

Southern Öland was inscribed on World Heritage List in 2000.

Copyright:
Riksantikvarieämbetet
Contact details
Address
Mörbylånga
Phone
Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län - tfn 0480-820 00. Ölands Turist - tfn 0485-560 600.
Information
Region
Municipality
Mörbylånga kommun
Category
World Heritage
Media från användare
Map

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