Stockholm was founded in the 1200s and built the enclosure of the great fortress that Birger Jarl had built as a “lock” for the lake. At the city’s main square, town square, was built in the town hall and behind the village church – the oldest part of the Great Church. From the market started on the streets of the city gates, the most important, Merchant’s Gate, leading down to the harbor and the fish market at Salt Lake.
Old Town was long the city as opposed to the more rural surroundings, suburbs (Norrmalm, Södermalm, Västermalmsgallerian, Östermalm). When spoken of it as the “city” or “the city”. From the mid-1800s clarified the name to “The city between the bridges” or “city of bridges”.
The oldest medieval town surrounded by several walls. A likely location for the old city wall west route was along Prästgatan west side, while the eastern wall followed Bollhusgränds and Baggensgatans east side. That the precise location is difficult to determine the offense because the wall moved outward as the city grew.  to a wall really has been apparent in the surviving tax records from 1400 the latter half where the terms “Before wall” was used for the taxpayers who lived in the City of Holmen plateau .
The city’s dominant building was the castle. Inside was an irregular network of streets and even at 1200 century began systematic rectification at Stadsholmen’s beaches, where the city’s empty lands increased. Buildings erected on the reclaimed land below the ridge and the fortifications were placed closer to the water. During the latter part of the Middle Ages had the long, narrow neighborhood streets below the long-established.
Not until the 1600’s, the old fortifications had its day and after the Great Fire of 1625 in the southwest, began an extensive marketing efforts since old remains of the wall was demolished and the Big and Little Nygatan was the line right through it before the multitude. A few years later was torn down even the walls to the east and the wharf was built as a broad waterfront street, with magnificent 1600-century houses that formed the city’s front against the water – worthy of the great power’s capital.
The oldest buildings were probably built of wood, but during the late Middle Ages were a large part of the houses to be built in brick. During this period were also built many of the medieval houses on. They had the new facade design with high gables and ornate portals. In more recent times has also modernized the buildings. In the 1700s, had many new buildings, roof shapes and uniform, plastered facades and in the late 1800s a rich facade design and large display windows along the commercial streets.
Behind the visible facades are still a lot of medieval masonry remains. Inside the houses, one can also find both the vault of the Middle Ages, murals made in the 1500s, richly painted bjälktak from the 1600s, fine rococo decor and 1800s lavish decorations.
- Gamla stan
- Old Town, the 1980 official city between the bridges, is Stockholm's historic center, built on Stadsholmen. Even Helgeandsholmen and Strömsborg belongs district Old Town. Sometimes it also includes Riddarholmen to the Old Town, but it is a separate neighborhood. For several hundred years was the Old Town the actual city. The district was formed in 1926 and in 2006 had about 3,000 inhabitants. Old Town belongs to the area Södermalm district and has an area of 36 hectares.
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- Stockholms stad
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